Congratulations Western Australia on legislating a Container Deposit Scheme (CDS). CDS is a proven and effective way of increasing recycling and reducing litter used in many countries across the world. The scheme will commence on June 2nd 2020.
Container Deposit Schemes in other states have some stellar achievements to their name:
Frequently Asked Questions
Please note that some details below are subject to change before the launch of the WA scheme. The information should be used as a guide and is not indicative of the final scheme.
What items are eligible?
The Government of Western Australia has announced the details of the CDS for WA, which is very similar to other states. You can read more about the specifics via this link.
To summarise, the demonstration kiosk will generally accept drink containers made of plastic, glass, aluminium and liquid paperboard that are 150ml – 3L, such as:
- soft drink cans and bottles;
- bottled waters – both plastic and glass;
- small flavoured milk drinks;
- beer and cider cans and bottles; and
- sports drinks and spirit-based mixed drinks.
Containers that are not part of the scheme include:
- plain milk (or milk substitute) containers;
- flavoured milk containers of one litre or more;
- pure fruit or vegetable juice containers of one litre or more;
- glass containers for wine and spirits;
- casks (plastic bladders in boxes) for wine and casks for water – one litre or more;
- sachets for wine of 250 millilitres or more;
- containers for cordials, concentrated fruit/vegetable juices; and
- registered health tonics.
What is a Reverse Vending Machine?
A reverse vending machine (or RVM for short) works the opposite to a traditional vending machine where you usually put money in and get a container out! RVMs allow you to put a container in and get money out. You feed the container it, it is identified and sorted by barcode, material, shape, and weight, and a refund is issued. The refund issued is typically provided as a cash voucher, a digital refund, or a charity donation
Our state-of-the-art technology built into the RVMs is used in 60+ markets across the world and provides the highest levels of convenience for returning containers and capturing clean material for effective recycling. Quick, easy and automated, customers can return ~100 containers per minute making them great for both small and large quantities of containers.
TOMRA has 320+ kiosks located within accessible, popular locations such as supermarket car parks, shopping centres and sports clubs across New South Wales as part of the Return & Earn scheme, each with 2-4x reverse vending machines per site. We also have 12x TOMRA Recycling Centres located across QLD, NSW and NT, offering a clean, indoor, climate-controlled environment to return containers through an average of 9 RVMS per site. Globally, TOMRA has 80,000 RVMs installed around the world. Every year, they collect over 40 Billion containers for recycling.
How do TOMRA Reverse Vending Machines work?
How do Container Deposit Schemes work?
Container deposit schemes work by adding a small extra deposit on top of the price of a beverage – such as those in plastic and glass bottles and aluminium cans – which is refunded to the consumer when they return the empty drink container for recycling. This is typically established through legislation passed by state or national governments. When the consumer purchases the beverage, they pay the additional deposit on the container. Once they have finished with their beverage, the consumer returns the container to receive their deposit back.
Container deposit schemes for non-refillable beverage containers have been around for several decades, and those for refillable containers for centuries, with early inceptions, used particularly for glass collection. Today, these schemes are in place in many countries across the world and have proven the best approach in reducing litter and increasing recycling rates of beverage containers.
Container deposit schemes work for 3 main reasons:
Litter prevention – Traditionally waste has no value to the individual. And while there are many places to dispose of waste responsibly, it is reliant on the individual to do the right thing. Many do, but some don’t. By adding a clear reward, it signals to people to take their waste to the right place.
Litter pickup – We walk by rubbish all the time, and in many cases we assume it’s someone else’s responsibility. By adding a deposit to the container, someone walking by is likely to acknowledge it’s value and pick it up
Effective Recycling – By effectively capturing and sorting containers, they are in a much better position to be re-used or recycled and are less at risk of contamination.